Politique et religion en Italie                                                 Lettres et arts en Italie                                                               ƒtranger

1421                                                                                                                      Construction coupole de Santa Maria dei

                                                                                                                                Fiori ˆ Florence (finie en 1436)

1434            C™me de MŽdicis devient ma”tre de Florence

 

1450                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ouverture atelier Gutenberg ˆ Mayence

 

1453                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Prise de Constantinople par les Turcs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Fin de la guerre de Cent ans

1464            Mort de C™me de MŽdicis

1468            Premier ouvrage imprimŽ en Italie

1469            Laurent le Magnifique au pouvoir ˆ Florence                        Naissance de Machiavel

1471                       Hercule 1er, duc de Ferrare 

ƒlection pape Sixte IV

1474                                                                                                                      Marsile Ficin, De christiana religione

1475                                                                                                                      Botticelli, Adoration des mages

                                                                                                                                Politien, Stances                                                                              Guerre de Bourgogne entre Louis XI et

1477                                                                                                                      Botticelli, Le Printemps                                                                 Charles le TŽmŽraire

1478                       Conjuration des Pazzi ˆ Florence                                                                                                                                                        Bosch, Excision de la pierre de la folie

Guerre Florence /Rome (ˆ 1480)

1482                       Guerre de Ferrare : Florence, Milan et                                     Marsile Ficin, Theologia platonica

Naples sĠallient ˆ Ferrare contre Venise

1483                                                                                                                      Naissance de Rapha‘l                                                                   Charles VIII sur le tr™ne de France

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Couronnement de Richard III (Angl.)

1484            ƒlection du pape Innocent VIII

1485                       Conjuration  barons dans royaume de Naples                                                                                                                                 Couronnement HenryVII Tudor, fin guerre 2 roses

1486                                                                                                                                 Botticelli : Naissance de VŽnus

1492            Mort de Laurent le Magnifique                                                                                                                                                           Christophe Colomb parvient aux c™tes de Cuba

                      ƒlection du pape Alexandre VI                                                                                                                                                            Expulsion des Juifs dĠEspagne

                      DŽbut des guerres dĠItalie

1493                                                                                                                      LŽonard de Vinci, TraitŽ de la peinture                                      Pape partage le Nouveau Monde (Esp/Port)

1494                       MŽdicis chassŽs de Florence ;

Savonarole instaure rŽpublique.

Prise de Naples par Charles VIII

1495            Bataille de Fornoue et retraite franaise                                   LŽonard de Vinci, la Cne                                                             Voyage de Vasco de Gama aux Indes

1498            Savonarole pendu et bržlŽ                                                                                                                                                                    Louis XII sur le tr™ne de France

1499                       Conqutes de CŽsar Borgia en Italie centrale                                                                                                                                   Bosch, La nef des fous

1500                       Ludovic le More, prisonnier de Louis XII                                                                                                                                          TraitŽ secret de Grenade France/Espagne

1503            Mort pape Alexandre VI ; Žlection Jules II.                             Michel-Ange, Sainte Famille

1504            Franais chassŽs de Naples                                                          Michel-Ange, David

                                                                                                                                Rapha‘l, Mariage de la Vierge

1506                                                                                                                      Bramante chargŽ de construction de

                                                                                                                                Saint Pierre de Rome

1507                                                                                                                      LŽonard de Vinci, La Joconde

                                                                                                                                Arioste, Cassiara

1508            Ligue de Cambrai (pape + empereur +                                   Fresques de Giorgione ˆ Venise                                                 

                      Louis XII+ Ferdinand dĠAragon ­ VŽnitiens)                         Michel-Ange, vožte de la Sixtine (ˆ 1512)                         

1509            Þ Victoire Louis XII ˆ Agnadel                                                 Rapha‘l, Chambre de la Signature                                            Couronnement Henry VIII (Angleterre)

1511                       Sainte Ligue (pape + principautŽs ital.                                     Carpaccio, Sainte Ursule                                                              ƒrasme, ƒloge de la folie

+ Espagne ­ France)

Þ Franais ŽvincŽs dĠItalie

1512                       Retour des MŽdicis ˆ Florence

Concile de Latran (ˆ 1516)

1513            Mort de Jules II ; Žlection de LŽon X                                       Machiavel, Le Prince

1514                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Mort de Louis XII

1515            Marignan                                                                                        Michel-Ange, Mo•se                                                                       Franois 1er roi de France

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Charles-Quint, roi dĠEspagne

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          LŽonard de Vinci en France

1516                                                                                                                      Arioste, Roland Furieux                                                                Thomas More,  Utopia

1517                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Luther, 95 thses

1518                                                                                                                      Machiavel, La Mandragore ; DiscoursÉ

1519                                                                                                                      Corrge, chambre de saint Paul ˆ Parme                                 Charles-Quint, empereur

1520                                                                                                                      Machiavel, LĠart de la guerre                                                         Camp du drap dĠor

1521                       Excommunication de Luther

Mort de LŽon X

Franais chassŽs du Milanais

1522                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Traduction Nouveau Testament par Luther

1524                                                                                                                      Michel-Ange, Le crŽpuscule, LĠaurore                                          ƒrasme, De libero arbitrio

1526                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ignace de Loyola, Exercices spirituels

1527            Sac de Rome                                                                                  Mort de Machiavel

                      MŽdicis chassŽs de Florence

                      Castiglione, Le courtisan

1528                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Sige de Vienne par les Turcs

1531                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Henry VIII chef de lĠƒglise dĠAngleterre

1533                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Calvin adhre ˆ la RŽforme

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Jacques Cartier au Canada

1534                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Rabelais, Gargantua

1535                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ExŽcution de Thomas More (Angl.)